India is known as the land of rivers because of the extensive network of rivers that is spread all over India. India is surrounded by major bodies of water, i.e, the Arabian Sea to the west, the Indian Ocean to the south, and the Bay of Bengal to the east. The name “India” is derived from the Indus River, and its greater part of the Indus basin now lies in Pakistan.
Longest River In India
The Ganges or Ganga is the most sacred and the longest river of India. Its headwaters rise in the Great Himalayas, near the peak of Nanda Devi. The Ganges enters the plain through a gorge (opening) in the Outer Himalayas in the state of Uttar Pradesh. It flows due east, turns south, and with the Brahmaputra River flows through the nation of Bangladesh, finally emptying into the Bay of Bengal.
|Sr No.||River||Length in India (km)|
Note that in the above table we have listed the length of these rivers in India but the total length of these rivers is different. For example, In India Indus is 1,114km long but if we take the total length i.e. Indus river flowing in Pakistan and India then it would be 3,180km.
Longest River In India By Total Length
|Sr No.||River||Total Length (km)|
Ganga River (2,525 km)
The Ganges (2525 km) is the longest river in India and also the largest river in India. The states that are covered by this sacred river are Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and West Bengal. The last part of the Ganges submeges in brahmputra ends in Bangladesh, where it finally converges in the Bay of Bengal.
Godavari River (1,465 km)
The Godavari also known as the Dakshin Ganga or South Ganges is the second longest river in India. It begins from Triambakeshwar, Nasik in Maharashtra, and traverses via Chhattisgarh, Telangana, and Andhra Pradesh, after which it finally meets with the Bay of Bengal. Some of the prime cities on the banks of Godavari are Nashik, Nanded, and Rajahmundry.
Yamuna River (1,376 km)
The Yamuna also known as Jamuna, originated from the Yamunotri glacier at the Banderpoonch peak in the Uttarkashi district of Uttarakhand. It does not directly fall into the sea. Hindon, Sharda, Giri, Rishiganga, Hanuman Ganga, Sasur, Chambal, Betwa, Ken, Sindh, and Tons are the tributary rivers of Yamuna. The Indian states through which the river flows are Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh.
Narmada River (1,312 km)
The Narmada River also known as the Rewa and previously also known as Nerbudda, originates from the Amarkantak. It is also known as the “Life Line of Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat” for its huge contribution to the state of Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. In contrast with all the rivers of the country that flow in the east direction, it flows westward. It is also considered one of the holiest water bodies. The Ramayana, the Mahabharat, and the Puranas allude to it oftentimes
Krishna River (1,288 km)
Krishna, which is the fourth-longest river in India (within the country’s borders) in terms of water inflows and river basin area, following the Ganges, Godavari, and the Brahmaputra. Covering a length of 1290 kilometers, it serves as one of the prominent sources of irrigation for the states of Maharashtra, Karnataka, Telangana, and Andhra Pradesh. It originates in Mahabaleshwar and then enters the Bay of Bengal after flowing through these states. Its main cities by the banks are Sangli and Vijayawada
Indus River (1,114 km)
As we know that India is derived from the word Indus, Indus begins from the Mansarovar Lake and then crosses Ladakh, Gilgit, and Baltistan. It then enters Pakistan. The Indus is also known for harboring one of the oldest and flourishing civilizations, the Indus Valley Civilization. The main cities located on the banks of Indus are Leh and Skardu.
Brahmaputra River (916 km)
The Brahmaputra is the second river that originates from the Mansarovar ranges. It originates from Angsi Glacier near Mansarovar Lake, Tibet, China. It is the sole river whose gender is considered male in India, It is called the Yarlung Tsangpo River in China, and then it enters into India via Arunachal Pradesh. The Kaziranga National Park is on the banks of Brahmaputra. It then traverses through Assam and finally enters Bangladesh.
Mahanadi River (858 km)
The Mahanadi River originates in the Raipur district of Chhattisgarh. The Mahanadi was infamous for its staggering floods for a lot of written history. Hence it was called ‘the distress of Odisha’. Anyway, the development of the Hirakud Dam has enormously modified the circumstance. Today a system of waterways, blasts, and check dams keep the stream well in charge.
Kaveri River (805 km)
Kaveri river is the sacred river of southern India. It rises in Brahmagiri Hill of the Western Ghats in Karnataka, flows in a southeasterly direction through the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, and descends the Eastern Ghats. Before emptying into the Bay of Bengal, Tamil Nadu, the river breaks into a large number of distributaries forming a wide delta called the “garden of southern India.” The Kaveri River is celebrated for its scenery and sanctity in Tamil literature, and its entire course is considered holy ground. The river is also important for its irrigation canal projects.
Tapti River (724 km)
Tapti River originates in Peninsular India and that runs from east to west. It rises in the Betul district (Satpura Range) and drains off into the Gulf of Khambhat (Arabian Sea). It runs through Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Gujarat and has six tributaries.
Longest River In India FAQs
Q. Which Is the longest river in India?
Ganga is the longest river in India
Q. Which is the deepest river in India
Brahmaputra river is the deepest river in India
Q. Which is the longest river in the South of India?
Godavari is the longest river in the South of India