Stateless Vs Stateful Components In React JS

Stateless Vs Stateful Components: React is a popular JavaScript library for building user interfaces. It provides developers with tools to build reusable components that can be composed to create complex UIs.

In React, components can be divided into two main types: stateless and stateful components. In this blog post, we’ll explore the differences between these two types of components and when to use them.

Stateless Components

Stateless components, also known as functional components, are defined using a function. They don’t have state and don’t rely on any external data other than their props. This makes them simple, lightweight, and easy to test. Here is an example of a stateless component:

function Greeting(props) {
  return <h1>Hello, {}!</h1>;

In the above example, the Greeting component takes a name prop and returns a simple greeting message. It doesn’t have any state or lifecycle methods. It’s a pure function that only depends on its props.

Stateless components are great for displaying static data and are used extensively in React applications. They can also be used to compose more complex components.

Stateful Components

Stateful components, also known as class components, are defined using a class. They have state and can modify it through events or user interactions. They can also have lifecycle methods, which allow you to control the component’s behavior during its different stages of existence.

Here is an example of a stateful component:

import React from 'react';

class Counter extends React.Component {
  constructor(props) {
    this.state = { count: 0 };

  handleClick() {
    this.setState((prevState) => ({ count: prevState.count + 1 }));

  render() {
    return (
        <h1>Count: {this.state.count}</h1>
        <button onClick={() => this.handleClick()}>Increment</button>

In the above example, the Counter component has state, which is initialized in the constructor. It also has a handleClick method that updates the state using the setState method. The component renders a count value and a button to increment it.

Stateful components are great for managing dynamic data and user interactions. They can be more complex and harder to test than stateless components.

When to Use Stateless vs Stateful Components

In general, you should use stateless components whenever possible because they are simpler, easier to test, and can be more performant than stateful components. You can use them to compose more complex components and keep your code organized.

Use stateful components when you need to manage state or handle user interactions. They are great for building dynamic and interactive UIs.

In some cases, you can use a combination of both stateless and stateful components to create a more flexible and maintainable codebase. For example, you can use a stateless component to display data and a stateful component to handle user interactions.


In this blog post, we’ve explored the differences between stateless and stateful components in React. We’ve seen that stateless components are simple, lightweight, and easy to test, while stateful components are great for managing state and handling user interactions.

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